Drone-Based Automatic External Defibrillators for Sudden Death?
Public access defibrillation programs can improve survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are rarely available for bystander use at the scene. Drones are an emerging technology that can deliver an AED to the scene of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest for bystander use. We hypothesize that a drone network designed with the aid of a mathematical model combining both optimization and queuing can reduce the time to AED arrival.
We applied our model to 53 702 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests that occurred in the 8 regions of the Toronto Regional RescuNET between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2014. Our primary analysis quantified the drone network size required to deliver an AED 1, 2, or 3 minutes faster than historical median 911 response times for each region independently. A secondary analysis quantified the reduction in drone resources required if RescuNET was treated as a large coordinated region.
The region-specific analysis determined that 81 bases and 100 drones would be required to deliver an AED ahead of median 911 response times by 3 minutes. In the most urban region, the 90th percentile of the AED arrival time was reduced by 6 minutes and 43 seconds relative to historical 911 response times in the region. In the most rural region, the 90th percentile was reduced by 10 minutes and 34 seconds. A single coordinated drone network across all regions required 39.5% fewer bases and 30.0% fewer drones to achieve similar AED delivery times.
An optimized drone network designed with the aid of a novel mathematical model can substantially reduce the AED delivery time to an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest event.
The primary goal of any Drobots Company program is to mentor participants on how to become lifelong learners and instill a strong sense of curiosity, confidence and teamwork. Due to the exponential growth of the drone industry, kids and teens may now explore, learn and evolve along with the applications of today and the discoveries of tomorrow. Drobots fosters this new technological landscape with a unique curriculum and well-trained positively motivated instructors.
“Drone camps“, “Drone STEM“, “Drone education“, “drone summer programs“, “drone kids events“, “drone teen events“ “drone curriculum” “futurism” for schools, academic institutions and other “drone STEM” related programs.
Attention kids and teens working on the next “drone business plan“. Join us at a Drobots Company “Drone Summer Camp“ program and determine what your first “drone business” is going to be? Drone technology has become the catalyst to so many new business ventures. So it’s never too early to “launch” your drone startup business now! Join one of the Drobots Company national “Drone summer program” boot camp and submit your “drone business“ solution and plan. Who knows what you may build…
Check out our Drone Review page to see which drone product best suits your needs, from the beginner to the advanced.